Breast Cancer In Men

Male breast cancer occurs when there is uncontrolled growth of cells in the male breast. Although this type of cancer is more common in women than in men, there are a percentage of men who suffer from it. This disease usually occurs in men who are in their sixties and seventies. Signs of this disease in men include discharge from the nipple, swelling, skin dimpling or nipple retraction. Breast lumps are easier to detect in men than it is for women. This is because men have less breast tissue than women.

Many men will fail to report any of the above symptoms for fear of stigmatization. Breast cancer is considered a woman disease, and most males will shy away from admitting that they could be suffering from it. Men usually suffer from a benign type of this disease called gynecomastia, which results in the increase of breast tissue. However, some medications have been known to cause gynecomastia, such as those used to treat acidity or high blood pressure. Men also suffer from the different types of the disease that are usually found in women.

Breast cancer in men could result from factors such as exposure to radiation, family history of the disease, including in female family members or even exposure to female hormones. A person will usually do a self-exam on himself and when anything unusual is detected, they go for further tests. This will include a mammogram, a biopsy or an ultrasound. As is the case with all cancers, not all lumps prove cancerous as they sometimes turn out as benign. In males, treatment of this disease is also done using a surgical procedure called a mastectomy. Males also go through chemotherapy and other hormonal therapies used on their female counterparts.

It is very important to have breast cancer detected early so as to get treatment started as soon as possible. This will also help in preventing the cancer cells from spreading to other tissues. In addition, survival rates for males are the same as for females if they are both detected at the same stage. It is very important for communities to begin support groups for survivors of this disease. The groups should involve both males and females. These groups should provide support, empathy, education and care for those that are undergoing treatment and for the survivors. It is also important to have family members and friends providing you with support on a personalized level.

By: Peter Gitundu

About the Author:
Peter Gitundu Creates Interesting And Thought Provoking Content on Cancer. For More Information, Read More Of His Articles Here BREAST CANCER TREATMENT If You Enjoyed This Article, Make Sure You Read My Most Recent Posts Here BREAST CANCER TREATMENT

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Eleanor R asked:

Had a mammogram on breast that had breast cancer.They say they see a spot of 1 cm on bottom of same breast.I do self breast exams weekly and do not feel a lump. Was told it could be damage to tissue due to surgery and radiation. Has anyone had this problem? When doing radiation had burn on spot that is in question at the moment.

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Raymond asked:

Well, lately, someone near and dear to me has stated that she felt a burning feeling on the skin of her left breast. She stated that it wasn’t the entire breast, but more like the skin area about the size of the tip of her middle finger. She also stated that whenever she pushes onto it, it just burns… It is kind of hard for me to explain it myself, but I was wondering if this was a possible sign/symptom of inflammatory breast cancer. I asked her about it and she plans to get a mammogram on the 20th of this month.

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I Flunked My Mammogram!

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what are my chances of having breast cancer?

Cynthia asked:

what are my chances of having breast cancer? I have had itchy breast for the past couple of months, they also get engorged at times. i recently had a mammogram which showed abnormal spot on lt breast. Hx of breast cancer in family

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Mammogram and Breast Cancer Screening

Cancer screening

The term screening is commonly used for a test that is used for evaluation of a person for possible disease without the person ever having any symptoms or signs of the disease. Screening tests are usually undertaken in a target population, which has significantly high risk of developing the disease. Mammogram is a screening technique used for breast cancer, and the target population for mammogram is women who are aged 40 and above. PSA testing is a screening test for prostate cancer and the target population is men over 50 years of age.
Screening tests cannot be employed in all diseases. In some cases a useful screening test may not be available, and in some other cases it may not be worth screening for a disease because screening and finding out the disease early may not change the natural history of disease. The later is probably true in case of screening of lung cancer. From the studies so far published, there is no clear evidence to suggest that screening for lung cancer in high-risk population (smokers) would improve survival.

Breast cancer screening

Unlike lung cancer, breast cancer can be screened using available techniques with beneficial results. Mammogram is the only accepted screening test for breast cancer. Mammogram till this date may have saved lives of thousands of women, by detecting the disease at a very early stage, when it is mostly curable. Screening for mammogram does not prevent the occurrence of breast cancer, but instead it provides a very simple and useful technique to detect breast cancer at a very early stage. Mammogram is capable of detecting breast cancer at a stage prior to infiltration of the tumor to the surrounding structures, called stage 0 breast cancer or carcinoma in situ.
Recommendations for breast cancer screening vary from country to country and within the same country according to the views of different organizations who recommend the screening. American Cancer Society recommends that “women age 40 and older should have a screening mammogram every year and should continue to do so for as long as they are in good health.”

What is a mammogram?

Mammogram is just an X-ray photograph of your breast, and works in principle the same way as your chest X-ray. The breast tissue is compressed between two plates and an X-ray picture is taken. Doctors would look at the X-ray and determine if there are any abnormalities in the picture. Breast cancer usually appears in the form of calcifications, architectural distortions, or abnormal densities.
Since mammogram uses X-rays, there may be slight risk associated with exposure to radiation in women who get mammograms. However the amount of radiation associated with mammogram examination is very small and is strictly controlled by regulatory agencies like National Department of Health and Human Services. Very strict regulations are enforced by this agency to make sure that mammography equipment is safe and uses the lowest dose of radiation possible. The dose of radiation used by the modern mammogram machines does not significantly increase the risk of breast cancer.

Digital mammography

Digital mammograms are similar to conventional X-ray film mammograms except that the pictures are produced in the digital media in a computer. Digital pictures have the advantages of manipulation of light and contrast and hence would be more useful for the studying the mammography picture. It was claimed in the past that digital mammogram is superior to conventional mammograms in terms of accuracy, however a recent study has shown that digital mammography no better than regular mammography.

Computer Aided Detection (CAD)

CAD is sophisticated computer program that can compare areas of the digital mammography picture and aid the physician to more easily detect breast cancer. Studies have shown that CAD system improved diagnostic accuracy by about 20 percent.

Clinical breast examination and self breast examination

An article on breast cancer screening will not be complete without mentioning clinical breast examination and (CBE) and self breast examination (SBE). CBE and SBE are useful adjuvant to mammogram for detection of breast cancer. It is also to be mentioned that about 10 percent of all tumors that can be felt by the physicians may not be seen in a mammogram, hence if the physician feels a tumor, the absence of abnormality in the mammogram does not ensure absence of a breast tumor. Such patients should be evaluated by biopsy.

Self-breast examination as the name implies denotes examination of breast by women, without the help of a physician. This can be undertaken in the privacy of their home. Probably the best time to do a self-breast examination is while taking showers. Women can ask their physicians to teach them the technique of self-breast examination. American Cancer Society recommends “women in 20s and 30s should have a clinical breast examination (CBE) as part of a periodic (regular) health exam by a health professional preferably every 3 years. After age 40, women should have a breast exam by a health professional every year.” Regarding self-breast examination, American Cancer Society gives the following recommendations:
“BSE is an option for women starting in their 20s. Women should be told about the benefits and limitations of BSE. Women should report any breast changes to their health professional right away.”

By: Scott William

About the Author:
The author is the webmaster for which features many useful articles and news items related to cancer. You can find more information on breast cancer, breast cancer news, and breast cancer treatment in author’s breast cancer page of the website.

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? ?Isabella B.? ? asked:

i was checking my breast which i do now and then and i notices little bumps like marble size in each could i have developed breast cancer and i am planning on breastfeeding can i still get a mammogram if my breast are full of milk? serious answers please

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CommanderCrusty asked:

I have a suspicious lump under one nipple and my doctor is sending me for a mammogram. I’d like to hear from other men who have been through this. Also, if it is “breast” cancer, what should I expect? I did seek treatment within one week of finding the lump. I do not have a skin rash or discharge from the nipple. I am age 48, normal body weight, and no I don’t have “man boobs” or smoke.

Let’s keep the jokes to a minimum, please.

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needhelp asked:

I am 25, i went to the doctor because I had a cold and she did a full physical and found a lump on my right breast and wants it ultra sound she didnt want a mammogram because i am too young to automatically consider it to be cancer but wants to check it out. It feels like a pebble pea size. My ultra sound is not til the 20th and I am super anxious and worried my aunt was diagnosed with breast cancer at 32 also very young. I just wanted to hear thoughts and opinions i know only my doctor can tell me the diagnosis but it doesnt hurt to talk about it.

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